In this article I am going to tell you about the Kalinga war, when and between whom did the Kalinga war take place? What were the causes of Kalinga war? And what were the results of the Kalinga war?
The war of Kalinga has a prominent place in Indian history, the war of Kalinga was fought between Emperor Ashoka and King Anant Nathan of Kalinga in 261-262 BC on the banks of the Daya River, 8 km south of Bhubaneswar.
There was the most bloodshed in this war. Ashoka defeated King Anantha Padmanabhan in the battle, which resulted in the conquest of Kalinga and annexed it to the Maurya Empire. The consequences of this war were disastrous. Mauryan Emperor Ashoka eventually chose the path of peace and embraced Buddhism.
There have been many such wars in Indian history which changed the history itself. One such war was the Kalinga war. It changed the entire period of Indian history. This war is said to be the worst war in Indian history.
Chakravarti Emperor Ashoka attacked Kalinga in the 8th year (261 BC) of his coronation. Kalinga conquest was his last victory. The Kalinga war made a great change in the heart of Ashoka. His heart was stirred with kindness and compassion for humanity. He promised to stop the war activities forever. From here began the era of spiritual and Dhamma conquest. He accepted Buddhism as his religion.
Major Causes of Kalinga War:
Friends, now I am going to tell you what were the reasons for the Kalinga war?
1. Ashoka, who conquered Kalinga, wanted to expand his empire. This was the main reason for the Kalinga war.
2. Even from a strategic point of view, Kalinga was very important. Kalinga had control over the routes leading to South India by both land and sea. This was the main reason for the Bhikaling war.
3. From here relations with the South-Eastern countries could be easily made.
What happened on the battlefield?
The army of an independent community republic of Kalinga was also led by King Anantha Padmanabhan. The battle was fought on the hill of Dhauli. Ashoka and his army fought a dangerous battle with the army of King Anantha Padmanabhan.
He demonstrated strong opposition to the Maurya army. The entire city of Kalinga turned into a battlefield and everyone came forward to fight against the Maurya army. However, he resisted and fought bravely. In fact, in many instances, the army led by King Anantha Padmanabhan of Kalinga was near victorious.
Till the last breath, they fought with great valor and finally the people of Kalinga were killed on the battlefield. And Ashoka the great won the battle of Kalinga. It was a fierce battle in which the lives of 150,000 warriors of Kalinga and 100,000 Maurya warriors were at stake.
The battle scene was a terrifying sight, the whole area was filled with the corpses of soldiers, wounded soldiers lay in severe pain, vultures took shelter on their dead bodies, children were orphaned. Relatives were lost. The widow looked calm and disappointed.
The Daya River flowing in front of the battlefield turned completely red due to the bloodshed. However, after the conquest, Kalinga was included in the Maurya Empire but turned into a tragic scene.
Consequences of Kalinga War
1. The Maurya Empire expanded. Its capital was made Toshali.
2. This put an end to the policy of expansion of Ashoka’s empire.
3. It had a great impact on the life of Ashoka. He adopted the path of non-violence, truth, love, charity, charity.
4. Ashoka became a follower of Buddhism. He also propagated Buddhism.
5. Ashoka devoted his resources to the welfare of the subjects, and did many works for the welfare of humanity.
6. Ashoka established ‘Dhamma’.
7. Ashoka made friendly relations with other countries.
The Kalinga War caused the downfall of the Maurya Empire. Due to the policy of non-violence, his soldiers started lagging behind in the art of warfare. As a result, its decline gradually started.
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