In this article we will try to provide you essential information about the various factors about Psychology and education related to Psychology. After reading this article you will better understand the behavior and health of human beings. We will also explain about the various courses an individual can pursue to make their career in Psychology field. So let’s start reading about various facts of psychology without wasting any time.
WHAT DOES PSYCHOLOGY MEANS?
Psychology is the stream to study about mind and behavior for the betterment of the clients. It encloses the biological effects, social strain, and environmental factors that affect the way of thinking of people, act, and feel. Gaining an abundant and deeper understanding of psychology can help individuals to achieve insights into their own actions and reactions as well as a better understanding of other people.
WHO ARE PSYCHOLOGISTS?
Those who pursue psychology are called psychologists. Psychologists study everything about the human behavior and experience from the basic workings of the human brain to consciousness, memory, reasoning, and language to personality.
TYPES OF PSYCHOLOGY
Psychology is a vital field now because of the increasing focus on mental health and wellbeing. If you want to take up psychology as a career, check out various specializations and how an individual can study it. The following are some of the specializations within psychology:
1. Abnormal psychology
2. Behavioral psychology
3. Biological psychology (biopsychology)
4. Clinical psychology
5. Cognitive psychology
6. Comparative psychology
7. Counseling psychology
8. Cross-cultural psychology
9. Developmental psychology
10. Educational psychology
11. Evolutionary psychology
12. Experimental psychology
13. Forensic psychology
14. Health psychology
15. Industrial-organizational psychology
17. Occupational psychology
18. Personality psychology
19. School psychology
20. Social psychology
21. Sports psychology
BENEFITS OF PSYCHOLOGY
1. A person can learn more about himself/herself and others.
2. Candidates can gain valuable research and analytical skills.
3. Person can become a better communicator.
4. Studying psychology makes students able to use their knowledge and experience of human behavior in their daily lives.
5. By fully investing yourself in a process of finding a frequent understanding between yourself and others encourages resolution to any problem rather than adding fuel to the fire. In short, individual would be able to resolve conflict in a better way.
6. Psychology is the shining star of education system that shares its boundary with almost all possible streams of studies. Human behavior and nature can be studied through quantified as well as qualitative methods involving subjective definitions. Thus, students from very different and diverse backgrounds can opt for a career in psychology stream.
7. People, in today’s world, understand and acknowledge the need to understand human behavior and emotions in every aspect of life. That’s why there is no need to say that every organization is in a alarming need of a psychologist!
8. A degree in psychology not only unlatches the door to the possibility of becoming a psychologist, but it also set down the groundwork for a number of various other career options.
9. Studying psych will furnish you to communicate effectively with others and teach you how to get to the bottom of their underlying feelings, motivations and emotions.
10. In most of the organizations a consultant psychologist with mastery in a specialized field is in high demand. Such jobs are mostly pay high salaries and a good reputation.
WHAT ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY AS A PROFESSION?
Do you ever notice someone who behaves completely different when alone as compared to time when she/he is in a group of friends or people? Have you ever think about it that why is your personality so much different from your sibling despite the fact that both of you belongs to same family and have grown up in the same environment in a single home? Well, generally only psychologists have answers to such kind of questions.
Psychology as a profession is about the analysis and research of the human mind and how it influences a person’s actions and respective behavior. However, it is not limited to look over human behavior. Psychologists use their knowledge and understanding of human behavior to handle and serve people suffering from mental disorders, mental injury or substance abuse problems. In fact, the biggest feature of their job is to treat people with behavioral or emotional issues using techniques such as observation, evaluation, and experimentation.
COURSES FOR PSYCHOLOGY
If a candidate just finished her/his school and plan on pursuing a course in psychology, universities/colleges/institutions offer a Bachelor’s in Psychology. However, aspirants who are willing to apply for a course in Psychology need to have studied a partially similar subject such as sociology or anthropology.
In order to pursue a particular course, candidates need to have the required skill set and in order to be successful in the stream of psychology; students need to have the required skills which are as follows:
• Goal orientated
• Interpersonal skills
• Familiar with human behavior
• Problem solving skills
• Excellent Communication
• Leadership qualities
• Research skills
• Team person
Universities and colleges generally set some criteria for aspirants to fulfill as candidates applying need to be eligible before admissions being offered by universities. The types of Psychology courses are as follows:
• Bachelor Courses
• Master’s Courses
• Doctoral Course
A). BACHELOR COURSES
Before applying for a bachelor’s degree in psychology candidates must have passed senior secondary education or equivalent education from state/national recognized education board in India. Aspirants from Arts, Science or Commerce streams are eligible for admission to Psychology courses.
Moreover, aspirants who have completed their senior secondary education from any open school board like NIOS are also eligible for pursuing Psychology courses. Colleges/Institutes can also mention additional eligibility criteria at the time of admission for psychology courses. Here is a short list of bachelor courses in psychology that a person can pursue:
• BSc in Psychology
• BA (Hons in Psychology
• Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Psychology
B) MASTER’S COURSES
Students who have completed their bachelor degree within Psychology stream as a main subject of course are eligible for admission in Master degree. The final year examinations/subjects should include psychology as a main subject for calculating total obtained marks. Candidates who have accomplished their courses for psychology through distance education or from Open University are not eligible. Here is a short list of master degree courses that an aspirant can pursue after completing bachelor’s degree:
• Master of Arts (MA) in Psychology
• Master of Arts in Counseling Psychology
• Master of Arts (MA) in Applied Psychology
• M. Sc. in Psychology
C) DOCTORAL COURSE
• Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology
• M.Phil in Psychology
ENTRANCE EXAMS FOR PSYCHOLOGY
Manipal Entrance Test is an entrance exam directed by Manipal Academy of Higher Education. It is a computer-based entrance test conducted in English language for 2 hours and 30 minutes. The question paper consists of MCQ about Reasoning, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, English and Aptitude.
There is a list of 200 objective type questions, in which every correct answer will be awarded by four marks and one mark will be deducted for every wrong answer. Aspirants who clear the examination are offered admission to many other undergraduate and postgraduate courses related to applied sciences, drugstore, and engineering specializations.
Delhi University Entrance Test is another national level entrance exam conducted by the National Testing Agency to give permission of admission into various undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD courses. DUET is 2 hour long entrance exam and it includes 100 multiple choice questions for 400 aggregated marks.
• BHU UGET
Banaras Hindu University organizes UGET entrance exams for many UG and PG courses. The exam is directed online with 120 MC questions. It covers the topics about History, Child, Social and Individual Psychology for the entrance exam.
Central Universities Common Entrance Test is an all India test conducted to permit admission to many different Integrated/undergraduate, postgraduate and research courses in various national and state universities of India. This exam named CUCET is only conducted once a whole year. The exam is of 2 hours duration and consists of a set of multiple-choice questions. Selected students are permitted admission in the various Central Universities.
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ENTRANCE EXAMS FOR PSYCHOLOGY
First of all to make a profession in the psychology field, aspirants need to have the intrinsic characteristics. The higher the qualification a candidate has, the better the career options will be there. In the psychology field, subjective and practicals go hand in hand and with the demand growing for professionals, a career in psychology is highly beneficial.
Psychologists can work as counselors at various private companies, universities, hospitals, schools, clinics, government offices etc. However, as the problems related to mental health and behavior of individuals in society continuously growing, the needs for professional psychologists for the solution to these problems also grow.
JOB PROFILES IN PSYCHOLOGY:
• Psychotherapist: These professionals use psychotherapy (talk therapy) to help you cope with general emotional unrest or acute injury or illness. They treat everything from daily overload to grief to certain mental disorders like phobias, depression, anxiety etc.
• Counselor: Counselors offer services to everyone; individuals, couples, families and groups who are coping with problems that affect their mental health and well-being. Various counselors approach their work entirely, using a “wellness” model (as reciprocated to an “illness” model) which highlights and stimulates client’s strengths.
• Consultant: A consultant is that person who provides professional or expert counsel or advice in a specific field of science or business to either a group or individual. As there is no registered trademark given to the job title ‘consultant’, in premise, anyone at anytime can decide to adopt the consultant title.
• Clinical Psychologist: A clinical psychologist is a professional individual about mental health with highly specialized training in the detection and psychological treatment of mental, behavioral and emotional disorder, including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
• Psychiatrist: Psychiatrists are medical doctors who are specialized in mental health. They specialize in identifying and treating patients with mental illness. Psychiatrists have extensive understanding of physical and mental health – and the way they affect each other. Psychiatrist helps people with mental health disorders such as schizophrenia, dementia, depression, bipolar disorder, eating disorders and addiction.
• Social Worker: A social worker is professional individual who helps people and sometimes families improve their quality of living by ensuring their access to basic necessities such as food, shelter and safety. They work to manage and achieve better lives for their clients by analyzing their environment, relationships, systems and policies that have impact over their clients’ lives.
• Therapist: Therapists mainly work together with patients, whether in-person or via online therapy, to cure all symptoms of their mental health disorder. There are also some therapists who work in a clinical research or consulting setting.
• Practitioner: Practicing psychologists have executive training and clinical skills to assist people learn to manage more effectively with life problems and mental health disorder. After years of achieving graduate degree and supervised training, practitioners become licensed by their state government to provide a number of services, including evaluations and psychotherapy.
SALARY OF PSYCHOLOGIST:
If anyone believes that she/he has any of the above-mentioned characteristics and skills, they can relate to the theoretical and practical part quite well. Here we describe about salaries related to some jobs. On the basis of which one can get a chance to consider about their interest. For example, the average salary of psychiatrists can be range from Rs. 4 lakh to Rs. 5 lakh per annum.
However, an I/O psychologist makes an average of Rs. 479,616 per year. While, neuropsychologist can earns an average salary of Rs. 5 lakh per year. Except these the average salary of a School Counsellor/Psychologist is slighty less than others, i.e. Rs. 3 lakh per annum.
If you believe you have any of the above-mentioned characteristics and skills, you can relate to the theoretical and practical part well. In general, the student needs to understand the concepts and needs to have a genuine interest. Than aspirants wish to study psychology will not seemed to be hard at all. We hope this article helped you with the answers of your questions through the data provide on www.amkueducation.com. If so, Stay tuned with to read more interesting article about various topics.
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