INTRODUCTION – Chanderi war was fought in 1527 between Babur and Medini Rai. Later the war of Khanna, Babur indicted his officers to conquer the rest of the nation and delivered them in several ways along with small delegations and he dedicated himself to the task of destroying Chanderi. Medini Rai of Chanderi was a close assistant of Rana Sanga.
He had avoided the war of Khanna and taken refuge in Cahnderi (near Bhopal). He had a group of about 5000 Rajputs with him who could establish difficulties for Babur at any time, so Babur did not want to limit him. Babur at once besieged the fort in A.D. 1528.
A violent war was battled in which ultimately Babur stood victorious. Medini Rai was killed in the war and a huge number of Rajputs were slain and a tower of their heads was created here also. A huge amount of treasure was received from the Rajputs. Ahmad Yadgar writes, “So much plunder was taken from the heathen military that the king’s troops obtained sufficient to help them for years.”
This fort holds the impression of the various empires who ordered it. Beginning your journey from this point of interest will provide you a good idea of the geography of the city as the view from this hilltop fort is almost incredible. It has three opening gates wherein the uppermost gate is known as Hawa Paur, then it has Khooni Darwaza and another gateway is Kati Ghati.
As you scrutinize inside the fort you arrive across points like Khilji mosque, Naukhanda palace, etc. There is a Jauhar Smarak set just outside the fort complex. It is said that several Rajput women dedicated Jauhar (an act of self-immolation) even after Medini Rai and his fighters left the fort to battle the last and final war with the forces of Babur. The war was battled on 29th January 1528. Going forward, you can also tour the memorial of Baiju Bawra, a Dhrupad singer close to the fort premises.
SOME IMPORTANT POINTS OF THE CHANDERI WAR ( BATTLE OF CHANDERI)
20 January 1528
Chanderi, Madhya Pradesh (near Ashok Nagar)
Mughal victory Babur captured the Fortress of Chanderi
Malwa along with capital Chanderi came under Mughal Rule.
-Kingdom of Malwa
Commanders and leaders
Usman Khan(Mewar Senapati)
STRENGTH IN CHANDERI WAR ( BATTLE OF CHANDERI)
1) 75,000 Mughal
2) 12,00 Sikh
3) 7 Cannon
1. 785,000 Army
2. 300,000 Rajput
3. 250,000 Afghan
4. 100,000 Non-Combatant
5. 95,000 Hindus
6. 90,000 Spearman
7. 75,000 Horsemen
8. 60,000 Mewar Army
9. 5,000 Gunmen
10. 9,000 War Elephant
11. 93 Cannon of Babur
Casualties and losses:
74,000 – 775,000
AT THE END OF THE CHANDERI WAR ( BATTLE OF CHANDERI)
1) The war of Chanderi was the outcome of the Battle of Khanwa and took position exactly after 1 year of the latter’s circumstance.
2) Babur listened that after escaping from the Battle of Khanwa, Rana Sanga is again readying for a Battle with him.
3) Babur realized that Medini Rai is one of the biggest contributors of Rana Sanga in any war.
4) The Battle of Chanderi was just to murder Medini Rai and drain Rana Sanga.
5) The fort of Chanderi was enclosed by high mountains so Medini was confident that Babur can’t fire on him.
6) It was moreover difficult for Babur to strike out the mountain and reach Chanderi with Elephants, Tanks, and Heavy Weapons.
7) So he determined to cut the mountain and also did it in one evening with the support of his Army.
8) The way prepared by the Army was sufficiently broad to attain the fortress of Chanderi and is still usable in Chanderi that anyone can follow.
9) Although the energy and Army of Medini Rai were very few than that of Babur yet he didn’t fear and agreed to battle till the end.
10) Women and teenagers killed themselves by Jauhar Custom and Babur gave nothing just after victory.
IMPORTANT QUESTION OF CHANDERI WAR ( BATTLE OF CHANDERI)
Question 1- Who was this Medini Rai and why did Babur come in people, all the way from Delhi to Chanderi, to battle him?
Answer – Medini Rai’s tale takes us to the country of Malwa, in the first decades of the 1500s. In 1510, when the recent Khalji Sultan (no connection of Alauddin Khalji), Mahmud II (1510-1531) climbed the throne in the nation where his forebear had ruled for a century, he confronted powerful resistance.
Learning himself in dire crises, Mahmud bent to a military official based in northeastern Malwa called Rai Chand Purabiya, well-known by the ownership, Medini Rai.
Medini Rai, according to new sources, was prepared to enroll thousands of fighters – around 40,000 from all over India – several of whom were the nicest Purabiya, or Easterner, soldiers by some accounts. They benefited the Sultan out of his problems.
Rapidly Medini was elected wazir or prime minister and with the benefit of his appointees and soldiers, he rapidly dominated the Malwa sultanate from within. So strong did Medini Rai satisfy that Su Mahmud was compelled out of his capital and was compelled to move his base 500 km south from Chanderi to Mandu. In the meanwhile, Medini took off on to ally with Rana Sanga, the Sisodiya Rajput ruler of Mewar and fought along his side again Khannabur at the popular war of Khanna in 1527.
Hope you enjoyed the article and take too much knowledge on this article. To read extra amazing and important content you can visit our website ‘amkueducation.com’
1,025 total views, 1 views today