Battle Of Ghaghra | Full Story Of Ghaghra Battle | Amkueducation

Battle Of Ghaghra | Full Story Of Ghaghra Battle | Amkueducation

BATTLE OF GHAGHRA– There are many battles fought in India like the Battle of Panipat, Battle of Khanwa, Battle of Tarain but In this article, we are discussing battle of ghaghra that is one of them. This war was battled only after the Panipat battle (1526) and the Khanwa battle (1527). Ghaghra is in Bihar, which is called after the river Ghaghra flowing in Bihar. Later the Battle of Khanwa, Babur was now approximately the undisputed emperor of Delhi.

The Rajputs were now they are not in difficulty. In 1529, Muhammad Lodi, brother of Ibrahim, who was the final Lodi claimant of the Delhi Throne, was won against at the Battle of Ghaghra. The war of Ghaghra was essential to the extent that it completed the challenge of the final of the Lodis. Muhammad Lodi was entered with the Sultan of Bengal Nusrat Shah, who ratified the consensus terms with Babur.

The Battle (War) of Ghaghra was the final of the main engagement of Babur. He proceeded to centralize the power and commit the Jagirs to Royal nobles.


Babur shifted from Chanderi towards Awadh. On listening to the news of his coming, the Afghan administrator Bibbon fled to Bengal. Babur put up with control of Lucknow. Here in Bihar, Afghans were overseeing themselves under the administration of Mahmud Lodi. He was moreover giving benefit from the Sultan of Bengal. The Afghans encircled the fort of Chunar, proceeding from Banaras. Babar quickly walked towards Bihar after giving knowledge about these occurrences.

Afraid of hearing of his coming, the Afghans left the circle of Chunar. Babur advised not to provide shelter to Mahmud Lodi, but his suggestion was declined by Nusrat Shah. As a result, on 6 May 1529, Babur and the Afghans confronted near Ghaghra. The Afghans were poorly won against in this war. Mahmud Lodi fled and took haven in Bengal. Nusrat Shah ratified a treaty with Babur.

Both aspects pledged not to strike on each other and not to give refuge to each other’s enemies. Mahmud Lodi was given a jagir in Bengal itself. With the actions of Sher Khan, Babur allowed the ruler of Bihar, Jalaluddin, to appropriate certain parts of the state and accept his subjugation, and remain as supervisor. Thus, after the Battle of Ghaghra, the power of the Afghans was curbed for a short moment.


The ill-effects of huge drinking and Hashish drunkenness damaged his health. At the age of 47, on December 26, 1530, Babur perished in his garden palace in Agra of an unspecified illness. He was laid to rest in Agra and presently lies in peace in his famous garden in Kabul, a town he had ever loved, and chosen himself, enveloped by the humanity he loved, the fragrance of flowers. In Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, he is a National Hero.


Babur (born Zahir-ud-din Muhammad; February 14, 1483–December 26, 1530) was the author of the Mughal Empire in India.

• The nation founded by Babur later on progressive into the biggest empire in India.

• He established a current dynasty called the Mughal dynasty.



Mahmud Lodi, brother of the erstwhile Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, had announced himself the legal heir of the Delhi Sultanate pursuing the death of his brother at the second War of Panipat in 1526. His statement was nonetheless jeopardized attending his beating and escape at the War of Khanwa in 1527.

Mahmud Lodi strived and acquired the support of his Afghan kinsmen in the east. His armed force consisting of Eastern Afghan Confederates put up with Bihar. The dying of Sultan Mahmud Shah Lohani, the Pathan governor of Bihar, his small son Jalal ud-Din Lohani was positioned on the throne. Yet, the conflict happened between his mother Dudu and another noble Farid Khan, politely called Sher Shah Suri.

The vicious infighting between the Lohani nobles diverted them from the oncoming battalions of Babur, compelling the young prince to accept refuge in the nearby sultanate of Bengal.
To avoid a full spill of the state, the Afghans of Jaunpur asked for Mahmud Lodi to ascend the throne of Bihar and Jaipur. It was approved and he was notified to take over the head of Bihar without defiance.

Upon obtaining news of improvements in Bihar, Babur decided to march there with his army and reached the banks of the river Ganges at Dadaki on February 27, 1529, where he was met by his son Humayun and public Askari. Instantly the entire Mughal battalion marched down the straight bank of the river.

There he memorized that Sultan Mahmud Lodi was in the Bengal center with a big announcer of Afghans. From his spies, at the camp, Babur learned that Mahmud Lodi’s proposal to discard their families from the frontlines was refuted by the Bengalis who most likely wanted to keep collateral in case Mahmud changed his mind.

Babur evaluated this attitude as offensive and their behavior shameful. As their impartiality had been violated and it offered him Casus Belli (experience for war) on the Bengalis.


The War of Ghaghra was the final war of Babur in India. As a conclusion of the conflicts fought in India, Babur came to be the lord of a huge state. His province was circulated from Indus to Bihar and Himalaya to Gwalior and Chanderi. He governed the strength of the Mughals in India. Ample of Babur’s time in India was expended fighting.

Thus, he could never spend attention on the executive strategy. At the final moment, he needed to go to Kabul. He even left for Lahore, but due to Humayun’s disease, he had to come back to Agra. Babur’s condition was also worsening continuously. Corruptions were also occurring in the palace. In such a circumstance, on 23 December 1530, Babur appointed Humayun as his beneficiary. Babar died in Agra on 26 December 1530.


  • Part Of Mughal Conquests
  • War Date: May 6, 1529
  • Location Of War: Ghaghara River, near Chhapra, Bihar
  • Result: Mughal victory
  • Territorial Changes: Bihar was assembled by Mughal Empire including encompassing territories.
  • A consensus settlement with the Sultanate of Bengal.
  • Belligerent’s
  • Mughal Empire: Eastern Afghan Confederates
  • Sultanate of Bengal
  • Victor: Babur won the Battle and inaugurated the Mughal Dynasty



Babur organizes the Bengal corps, called the Khalid army, between what is today the Saran nation in the north. They organize their tent on the Ganges’ vacated bank. He also understood that the Bengali governors had received around 100–150 containers on their side of the river, approving them to simultaneously obstruct an enemy’s paragraph while promoting their own.

With over 20,000 soldiers, Sultan Junaid Birlas from Jaunpur compiled Babur. The battalion’s central body, authorized by Askari, was sanctioned to march down the river to captivate the enemy out of the headquarters. They were believed to distract the Bengali corps long enough for a battalion led by Babur and Muhammad Zaman to travel the river with battery and muskets.

As soon as Askari’s corps started up to march on May 6, 1529, Babur ruled his whole division, as well as Zaman’s, to cross without delay. The Afghans strived numerous times to stop the river crossing but were quickly vetoed by withering small-arms and artillery flame.

They quickly found themselves being slowly encircled. On each of the three sides. However, before the encirclement could be completed, Afghan administrators agreed to withdraw before their casualties came to be too high, and retreated. The Mughals beat the war of Ghaghra.



This success was strong in its consequences. Numbers of the Afghans who till presently had been intractable having forfeited all wish of re-establishing an Afghan government in the East fulfilled and Sultan Jalal ud-Din Khan Lohani the dead King of Bihar whose retreat from the Bengali camp has been referred to reached with several of his principal Amirs and conceded Babur.

Other governors emulating their illustration requested to be obtained into the Emperor’s employment. 7000-8000 Lohani Afghans had already joined him and were presently awarded and employed. The quarrels between the Lohani and Lodi groups in the Eastern nations were fatal to the Pathan national attention.

As for the Sultan of Bengal Nusrat Shah, he hastily ratified unity suggestions, recently conveyed to him via the envoy Babur had sent before the war. This would be Babur’s final major engagement. He proceeded to consolidate his strength and ascertain administrative infrastructure in his new Empire distributing jagirs (Estates) to devoted nobles and allies. He perished at the age of 47 on December 26, 1530, of an unknown disease and was achieved by his eldest son, Humayun.

The Battle of Ghaghra was fought between the Afghans who were the Delhi Sultanates and Babur of Kabul. Babur desired to start his territories in India, but during that time, India was under the siege of the Afghans and the Rajputs.


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Key Points Of the Ghaghra Battle

A) The War of Ghaghra was protested on the banks of river Ghaghra, the tribute of river Ganges, on May 6, 1529.

B) Afghans were governed by Mahmud Lodi, a brother of Ibrahim Lodi.

C) While Babur was battling against the Rajputs at Chanderi, the Afghans were running towards catching Agra.

D) Babur joined into a pact with the ruler of Bengal, Nusrat Shah.

E) Afghans had a large army with near about one lakh fighters, while Babur has a minor corps.

F) Babur won against the Afghans with outstanding skills and overcame a big portion of India.

G) Babur’s success led to the constitution of the Mughal Empire in India.

H) Yet, Babur died at the age of 47, on December 26, 1530.

Frequently Asked Questions on Battle of Ghaghra :

Question 1: Who achieved the Battle of Ghaghra?

Answer : The Mughals under Babur achieved the Battle of Ghaghra.

Question 2: Where was the battle of Ghagra fought?

Answer : Battle of Ghagra fought on Ghaghara River, near Bihar side, India.

Question 3: Where does Babur die?

Answer : Babur died in Agra.

Question 4: When was the Battle of Ghagra fought?

Answer : The Battle of Ghaghra was fought in the year 1529.

Question 5: Where and between whom was the war of Ghagra for?

Answer : The War was battled between the Babur and the Afghans on May 6, 1529, at Ghaghra, on the tributary of the Ganges.

Question 6 : What was the importance of the battle of ghagra?

Answer : He raiding Mughal Emperor Babur won against Rana Sanga of Mewar’s big battalion, a union of almost all of the Rajput kings.

Significance is as follow:

1. The Mughal dynasty strengthened its ability and stayed in power except for a brief period in the mid-1500s until 1857. The lengthy supremacy saw modernization and mechanization of the subcontinent. By an agreement in 1858, what continued of the kingdom was taken over by the British Raj.

2. The Afghan significance in India was substantially decreased.

3. The Rajput kings’ effect was diluted.

4. Mewar was won against, Rana Sanga dead, and Marwar celebrated a rise in energy.

Question 7: What are the territorial changes in the Battle of Ghagra?

Answer : Territorial changes in the Battle of Ghagra are as follow:
• Bihar and enveloping territories were united by Mughal Empire.
• A unity of territory with the Kingdom of Bengal.

Question 8: Who was Humayun?

Answer : Humayun’s full name was Mirza Nasir ud-din Baig Muhammad Khan Humayun. Humayun was the second ruler of the Mughal Empire who ruled over Afghanistan, Pakistan, Northern India, and Bangladesh.

Question 9: Who was Babur?

Answer 10: Babur’s full name was Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur. Babur was the author of the Mughal realm and his father was Umar Sheik Mirza who was the administrator of Fergana Valley of Uzbekistan.

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